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What Is Irish Cuisine — and What Should It Be?

What Is Irish Cuisine — and What Should It Be?


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Modern Irish cuisine has no real platform and has very little connection with our past. We have adapted many different modern culinary trends together into one big melting pot, leaving very little room for originality and the true promotion of Irish cuisine in its contemporary form.

Irish cuisine is a style of cooking developed by the Irish people. It evolved through centuries of social and political change. The cuisine takes its influences from the crops grown and animals farmed in Ireland’s climate. The introduction of the potato in the second half of the 16th century heavily influenced Ireland's cuisine thereafter. Representative Irish dishes are Irish stew, bacon and cabbage, boxty, coddle, colcannon, and (mainly in Ulster) fadge.

There are many references to food and drink in early Irish literature. Honey seems to have been widely eaten and used in the making of mead. The old stories also contain many references to banquets, although these may well be greatly exaggerated and provide little insight into everyday diets. There are also many references to fulacht fiadh, which may have been sites for cooking deer, consisting of holes in the ground which were filled with water. The meat was placed in the water and cooked by the introduction of hot stones. Many fulacht fiadh sites have been identified across the island of Ireland, and some of them appear to have been in use up to the 17th century.

Excavations at the Viking settlement in the Wood Quay area of Dublin have produced a significant amount of information on the diet of the inhabitants of the town. The main meats eaten were beef, mutton, and pork. Domestic poultry and geese as well as fish and shellfish were also common, as was a wide range of native berries and nuts, especially hazel. The seeds of knotgrass and goosefoot were widely present and may have been used to make porridge.

From the middle ages, until the arrival of the potato, the dominant feature of the rural economy was the herding of cattle. The meat produced was mostly the preserve of the gentry and nobility. The poor generally made do with milk, butter, cheese, and offal, supplemented with oats and barley. The practice of bleeding cattle and mixing the blood with milk and butter (similar to the practice of the Maasai) was not uncommon. Black pudding is made from blood, grain (usually barley), and seasoning, and remains a breakfast staple food in Ireland.

Potatoes form the basis for many traditional Irish dishes. The potato was introduced into Ireland initially as a garden crop, and it eventually came to be the main food crop of the poor. As a food source, the potato is extremely valuable in terms of the amount of energy produced per unit area of crop. The potato is also a good source of many vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C, when fresh.

Potatoes were widely cultivated, but in particular by those at a subsistence level; the diet of this group during this period consisted mainly of potatoes supplemented with buttermilk. Potatoes were also fed to pigs, to fatten them prior to their slaughter at the approach of the cold winter months. Much of the slaughtered pork would have been cured to provide ham and bacon that could be stored over the winter.

Fresh meat was generally considered a luxury except for the most affluent until the late 19th century, and chickens were not raised on a large scale until the emergence of town grocers in the 1880s allowed people to exchange surplus goods, like eggs, and, for the first time, purchase a variety food items to diversify their diet.

The adoption of the potato as the core of Irish cuisine should not be seen as a voluntary choice. As a result of the Penal Laws, the large Irish Catholic majority were denied the right to buy land or to pass it on as they wished to their descendants. Consequently, farms became smaller and smaller as the population of Ireland ballooned in the early 19th century (8 million in 1840 compared to 20 million for England, Scotland, and Wales combined at the time). Many "farms" were less than a quarter of an acre, which had to provide food for a family of as many as eight people in a year. The only way to avoid starvation was to intensively cultivate a single crop, the potato, as this provided much of the basic nutrition requirements, and so became the only "choice" available to the rural Catholic poor, who formed the vast bulk of the population.

The reliance on potatoes as a staple crop meant that the people of Ireland were vulnerable to poor potato harvests. Consequently, several famines occurred throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. The first Great Famine of 1739 was the result of extreme cold weather, but the famine of 1845 to 1849 was caused by potato blight that spread throughout the Irish crop, which consisted largely of a single variety, the Lumper. During the famine approximately 1 million people died and 1 million more emigrated from Ireland.

In the 21st century the usual modern selection of foods common to Western culture has been adopted in Ireland. Common meals include pizza, curry, Chinese food, and lately, some West African dishes and Eastern European (especially Polish) dishes, as ingredients for these and other cuisines have become more widely available.

In tandem with these developments, the last quarter of the 20th century saw the emergence of a new Irish cuisine based on traditional ingredients handled in new ways. This cuisine is based on fresh vegetables, fish (especially salmon and trout), oysters, mussels and other shellfish, traditional soda bread, the wide range of cheeses that are now being made across the country, and, of course, the potato. Traditional dishes, such as Irish stew, coddle, the Irish breakfast, and potato bread have enjoyed resurgence in popularity. Schools like the Ballymaloe Cookery School have emerged to cater for the associated increased interest in cooking.

Click here to see the Irish Baileys Mussels Recipe from the Druid Chef

Fish and chips (known in Ulster as a "fish supper") from takeaways are popular. The first fish and chips were sold in Dublin in the 1880s by an Italian immigrant from San Donato Val di Comino, Giuseppe Cervi. His wife Palma would ask customers "Uno di questa, uno di quella?" This phrase (meaning "one of this, one of the other") entered the vernacular in Dublin as "one and one," which is still a common way of referring to fish and chips in the city.

The proliferation of fast food has led to increasing public health problems, including obesity, and one of the highest rates of heart disease in the world. Government efforts to combat this have included television advertising campaigns and education programmes in school.

Click here to see a Cabbage and Bacon Recipe from the Druid Chef

While seafood has always been eaten by Irish people, shellfish dishes have increased in popularity in recent times; common examples include Dublin Bay prawns and oysters (many oyster festivals are held yearly around the coast where oysters are often served with Guinness, the most notable being held in Galway every September). An example of an Irish shellfish dish is Dublin Lawyer, lobster cooked in whiskey and cream. Salmon and cod are perhaps the two most common types of fish used. Carrageen moss and dulse (both types of red algae) are commonly used in Irish seafood dishes.

We still don’t have a true definition of what Irish cuisine is. Most of our influences are copied from somewhere else and don’t belong to this land. We have failed to create new food innovation that represents Ireland in its full culinary glory. We as Irish culinary cooks must look deeper into our own tradition and heritage and create flavors that represent the true essence of this land. We must be true to our indigenous ingredients and service our home and tourism market for those who are looking for the full Irish hospitality with full Irish flavors.

Read more about Rory Morahan, the Druid Chef, on his website


10 Traditional Irish Dishes You Should Know

One of the most common misconceptions about eating in Ireland is that all you'll enjoy are potatoes, because that's the only thing the Irish are good at cooking. Well, we're here to prove that notion wrong.

Sure, our Irish ancestors loved their potatoes, but Ireland's food scene is rapidly changing, growing more innovative and cutting-edge each day. While the technology behind the food is becoming more advanced, Ireland's cuisine is steeped in tradition, and so although you may see the starchy vegetables in a few preparations, you'll find impressive and flavorful dishes that speak to the roots or Ireland far beyond the potato.

Every traditional Irish dish tells a story of folklore and survival -- a testament to who the Irish truly are. As Ireland transformed during its history, its cuisine graduated from the dark days of the famine, when dishes were eaten in silence and the bourgeois tried to imitate fine French cuisine, to something that should be celebrated. It wasn't until Myrtle Allen of Ballymaloe House in eastern County Cork served traditional, local fare to guests in 1964 with great pride that Irish cuisine truly began to shine. In the wake of an economic explosion, post-war Ireland started to offer a cuisine that reflected the rapid cultural change their society was undergoing. Now, along with celebrity chefs like Anthony Bourdain, who gave a nod to the cuisine on his hit show No Reservations, people all over the world are gathering an increased awareness of Ireland's food progression, and we think that's a good thing.

One of the best ways to celebrate St. Patrick's Day (besides drinking, of course), is to pay homage to Ireland's traditional cuisine. The basics of it are simple: potatoes, beef, lamb, and bread -- staples of Ireland's food that make it as homey and fulfilling as its vibrant green countryside. To pay homage to the cuisine, we're taking a look at 10 traditional Irish dishes that we think you should know, and we've given them a modern twist. This St. Patrick's Day, start your own tradition and reflect on some of Ireland's time-honored dishes by adding your own touch of American flair.


Traditional Irish recipes to make your summer fresh and tasty

Ireland (for the most part) is in desperate need of a great summer but so far this May it's been hit-and-miss. Of course, Ireland is known for a spot of rain but we should remember that it's all our lovely precipitation provides us with an abundance of amazing home-grown produce. Irish food tends to be associated with stews, soups, and more wintry fare so below we put together some more summery recipes.

Although our summer temperatures rarely tend to surpass 70F, the Irish do tend to change up their menus during the summer months and opt for lighter, fresher meals. From old-fashioned salads to fresh seafood IrishCentral has put together some choi ce recipes, with help from Bord Bia , Ireland’s food board.

Some of these might make you nostalgic, and some are a nice twist on the traditional.

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Old-fashioned salad recipe

  • 1 hard-boiled eggs, quartered
  • 6 slices pickled beetroot, recipe follows
  • Butterhead lettuce
  • 2 tiny scallions or spring onions
  • 2 to 4 tomatoes, quartered
  • 8 slices cucumber
  • 2 sliced radishes
  • Chopped parsley
  • Spring onion, watercress, chopped parsley, for garnish
  • AND the pièce de résistance - a cream salad dressing.

Irish potato salad recipe

Serves 5 / 6 people (as a side)

Ingredients

  • 500g/1 lb small new potatoes
  • 1 tbsp butter
  • 1/2 cup mayonnaise
  • Salt and a little freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 tbsp chopped fresh chives to garnish

Put the potatoes on the boil for 20 to 25 minutes. Until they fall off the knife when you stab them

Strain them and cut them into bite-sized pieces if needed. Pour into bowl

Add butter and stir until melted

Add mayo, and salt and pepper and stir until potatoes are coated

Clean off the side of the bowl and add a spoon to serve.

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An Irish cheeseboard

The wi de variety of farmhouse cheeses available from Ireland means that there is one to suit every palate, each capturing the true flavor of the countrysi de . There’s Cashel blue, many different cheddars, goat's cheese, all sorts. The problem is what to choose. Click here for a long list of cheeses for you to select from.

Here are a couple of points to consider when making the selection for your cheeseboard:

- Avoid too much choice, better to have two or three good size pieces of cheese than a lot of smaller bits. It looks better and the cheese will keep better.

- A semi-soft, a hard and a blue are guides but there are no rules – have what you like yourself.

- Leave the cheese at room temperature (70F) for approximately two to three hours before serving.

Try some farmhouse cheeses with traditional white soda bread.

Bacon recipe

(This one’s a little hot to cook in REAL summer weather, but the ham is just great for salads, sandwiches, or just a snack in your hand from the fridge.)

Ingredients

Place the joint in a large saucepan

Bring to the boil, then simmer gently for approximately 20 minutes per pound

Set oven to Gas Mark 6, 400F (200C)

Remove the joint from the saucepan

Remove the rind and score the fat

Place the joint on a roasting dish

Spread with mustard and breadcrumbs, sugar, and a knob of butter.

Place in the oven for 15 to 20 minutes.

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Moules mariniere recipe

Ingredients

  • 1.8 - 2.25kg (4 - 5 lb) mussels
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 1 pint / 150 ml dry white wine
  • Peppermill
  • 150 ml (5oz) cream
  • 25g (1oz) chopped parsley

Clean mussels and remove the beards by giving a sideways chuck – a downwards one will tear the mussel

Remove any barnacles also as they will fall off and ruin the sauce. NB: Discard any open mussels

Cook the onion in a little oil until, soft

Add the wine and the mussels, cover, and shake occasionally until the mussels are open

Now add some pepper from the mill, then the cream. Bring to the boil, shaking again, and transfer to a tureen

Sprinkle with parsley and serve immediately. NB: It is very important to discard any unopened mussels – do not overcook in an attempt to open them

Burgers with melted cheese and tomato salsa recipe

(This one isn’t exactly traditional but we had to add in a little Irish beef somewhere right?!)

Burger ingredients

  • 450g (1lb) lean minced beef or lamb
  • 1 large onion, finely chopped, sautéed in oil until golden and cooled
  • 1 tbsp scallions, chopped
  • 1 tbsp chili oil, optional but nice (see recipe)
  • Salt and black pepper

Tomato Salsa ingredients

  • 16 approx. cherry tomatoes, chopped
  • 1-2 red onions, finely chopped
  • Handful chopped coriander
  • 1 tablespoon chili oil
  • Lemon juice to taste
  • Salt and black pepper

Mix the mince, onion, scallions, chili oil, and seasoning well together

With wet hands shape into four burgers

Flatten each one down with the palm of your hand until you have a nice even shape. This way they will cook more quickly and evenly

Keep in the fridge until ready to cook

Grill, barbecue, or cook on a black ridge pan, until fully cooked, approximately 4-5 minutes on each si de .

Meanwhile, mix all the salsa ingredients together. Then place a spoonful of salsa on top of each burger and top with a slice of cheese.

Grill, or cover the barbecue or pan, and continue to cook for another minute until the cheese has melted.

Serve on a bap with some salad leaves and the remaining salsa.

4 slices cheddar or blue cheese

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Meringues with summer fruits

Ingredients

  • 8 egg whites
  • 500g caster sugar
  • 1 tsp white wine vinegar
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract

Summer fruits

  • 400g strawberries
  • 200g raspberries
  • 200g blueberries
  • 200g blackberries
  • 250g caster sugar
  • Juice of 1 lemon

Cream filling

For the meringues

Set the oven to 210F (100C) and line two baking sheets with parchment

Combine the egg whites, sugar, vinegar, and vanilla extract

In the electric mixer, with the whisk attachment, beat the whites into stiff shiny peaks

Using a piping bag, pipe mounds of meringue 7cm in diameter and 7 cm high onto the baking sheets.

Bake for about 2 hours. Cool to room temperature.

Summer fruits

Prepare the fruit and add half the berries to a medium saucepan, add the sugar and lemon juice and simmer gently for five minutes.

Process the fruit mixture. Set asi de .

Cream filling

Whisk the mascarpone , yogurt, and lemon rind together.

Tap the center of each meringue to form a nest.

Warm the coulis in a saucepan.

Turn off the heat and add the remaining whole berries.

Spoon the cream filling into the center of each meringue, followed by several spoonfuls of the fruit.

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Salmon

Regarded as a delicacy in other countries, salmon was one of the most common fish in Ireland and a staple ingredient of the Irish kitchen. Preparation typically includes poaching the fresh salmon in fish stock and then serving with peas and potatoes, but fried salmon is also quite popular and pasta dishes with salmon are catching on as well.

The most popular way to enjoy salmon in Ireland is simply smoked, either on bread, with scrambled egg or simply on its own with a salad side. Wild salmon has a better flavor, but unfortunately is priced higher than farmed salmon.


20 Traditional Irish Foods and Dishes to Try on St. Patrick's Day

When you think about traditional Irish food, the first thing that probably comes to mind is corned beef and cabbage. But it turns out corned beef is not among the Emerald Isle's national dishes, says David McKane, the executive chef of Kilkea Castle in county Kildare.

"The connection with St. Patrick's Day specifically originates as part of Irish-American culture, and is often part of celebrations in North America," he says. This might lead you to wonder then: What do people who live in Ireland eat on March 17?

As culinary historian Regina Sexton told Irish Times, defining "Irish cuisine" can be a difficult endeavor. "We don&rsquot seem to have a culture of food that is based around cooking, the enjoyment of food and the production of signature dishes that are automatically associated with the country, and therein lies the problem of trying to define an Irish food culture," she said. Rather, it's more about the high quality of ingredients such as meats, potatoes, and cabbages.

The coastal region of Galway, for example, is known for cinnamon-coated Irish potato candy that complements a heavy stew, as well as berry fool (a sweet, airy custard) and excellent oysters. Galway even hosts an international oyster and seafood festival, the oldest oyster festival in the world.

Still, there are plenty of distinctly Irish recipes that have long been staples of the culture&mdashfrom soda bread to a seriously tasty trifle. Whether you're looking to celebrate your heritage or host a super authentic St. Patrick's Day party, we asked Irish chefs to share all the traditional foods and snacks to know. We hope you enjoy potatoes in their many forms.

Traditionally, Irish bacon, a lean, smoked pork loin similar to Canadian bacon, was the most ubiquitous meat on the table in Ireland, namely because it was cheap, says McKane. But when Irish immigration to the United States exploded, immigrants found the cost of pork in this country to be prohibitively expensive, so they began cooking beef instead. As a result, bacon and cabbage is technically the more traditional Irish dish corned beef and cabbage is the Irish-American variant.

Irish soda bread is a quick bread made without yeast. It rises, because, when combined, baking soda and buttermilk act as a leavening agent. According to The Complete Irish Pub Cookbook, the bread is usually scored with a cross to help it rise. Irish folklore says this also helps ward off evil and let the fairies out.

An easy and flexible meal that's commonly considered the national dish of Ireland, says Amy Lawless, an Irish American and co-owner of The Dearborn in Chicago. Though generally made with mutton, onions, carrots, celery, and potatoes, Irish stew can also be created with beef or chicken, she explains.

Irish coffee isn't your average cup of Joe. It's a cocktail that's made with a strong hot coffee, Irish Whiskey like Jameson, and sugar, says Amy Lawless. The whole thing gets topped with a thick head of whipped cream.

Of course, corned beef and cabbage still pops up on many a dinner table come St. Patrick's Day. According to The Complete Irish Pub Cookbook, traditionally, the brining liquid included is Saltpeter&mdasha bactericide that helps produce that ultra-pigmented pink color. This is one dish you're going to have to plan ahead for: To properly brine the meat, you need to give yourself at least a week.

A staple side dish on many Irish tables during the winter, this comfort food is a mixture of braised white cabbage and creamy mashed potatoes, says Joe Scully, an Irish chef and owner of Chestnut and Corner Kitchen in Asheville, North Carolina.

Also known as pigs feet, crubeens are generally fried and eaten by hand, though they can also be braised, says Scully.

Like Irish stew, Irish seafood chowder is a very adaptable dish that contains a variety of seafood like salmon, trout, and shellfish, as well as vegetables like celery and potatoes, says Scully.

Similar to a latke, Irish boxty is a potato pancake you make by mixing grated potatoes into mashed potatoes before frying like a patty, says Scully. Though some consider it to be among the stranger Irish dishes, it's actually a very versatile side.

Ireland is globally renowned for its smoked salmon, says McKane. It's served all day long and can be found everywhere from breakfast buffets, to Afternoon Tea, to dinner.

This type of beef is native to the island of Ireland, says McKane. It's regarded for its sweet and slightly nutty taste.

This everyday comfort food is essentially a way to disguise leftovers, says Scully. The layered casserole is simple: The previous night's stew is topped with mashed potatoes, then baked.

Black pudding&mdashor blood sausage&mdashis typically served at breakfast, but can be enjoyed throughout the day, says Scully.

This classic is a real smorgasbord that generally includes fried rashers (thin slices of bacon), fried sausages, fried eggs, fried tomatoes, fried mushrooms, white and black pudding, baked beans, and toast, says Clodagh Lawless, an Irish American and co-owner of The Dearborn.

This layered dessert traditionally contains custard, sherry- or fruit juice-soaked sponge cake or lady fingers, fruits, jam, and whipped cream, says Amy Lawless.

Ireland is primarily known for more earthy food options, but it's actually a haven of great mollusks, specifically on the coast of Galway.

&ldquoThe oyster, not the potato, should be the symbol of Irish food," Bloomberg reported in 2018. That article describes the native "flat oysters" as "gamy." The difference between them and Pacific oysters is like "a double IPA compared with Bud Light."

Not dissimilar to boxty, farls are a kind of baked potato bread served for breakfast, per The Guardian. They're typically made by combining potatoes, butter, flour, and baking powder, with the dough being cut into four symmetrical pieces ("farl" means "fourths" in Gaelic).

Per Allrecipes.com, farls can even be made with leftover mashed potatoes, which work well because of their lightness.

The berry fool is a delicious treat and a testament to Europe as a whole&ndashwhile it's popular in England and Ireland, its name may come from the French verb "fouler," meaning "to crush," though that has been disputed. This feathery fruit dessert can be made with nearly any kind of berry, and involves mashing them and combining them with chilled heavy cream for a refreshing dish.

This Irish sweet bread is typically associated with Halloween. Similar to the plastic baby that often comes in Mardi Gras king cakes, a ring is generally placed within the barmbrack and the person who finds it is said to have good luck.

An effective comfort meal, Irish coddle combines sausage (and sometimes bacon) with potatoes and gravy. The whole thing is then slow-cooked, giving it a consistency similar to Irish stew. It's a perfect, hearty winter dinner.


World Health Day: Our favorite hearty and healthy Irish recipes

Rather than looking at faddy diets and new food trends, we’d rather look back and remember the old adage that if you want to eat healthily eat as your grandparents did.

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Irish food has developed a bad rap as being heavy and stodgy but this is not the case. It’s true that you can dine out on full Irish breakfasts and mashed potatoes with cream, but there is much more to Irish cuisine.

In fact, the beauty of the traditional Irish diet is that it changed very little between the late 1800s and the mid-1900s. Its ingredients were based on local food or foods that could be easily imported. What was created was a simple diet made up of local and healthy foods.

Here are some of our favorite healthy and hearty Irish recipes:

1. Irish Stew

During the cold winter months, a hearty Irish stew is the perfect meal to come home to. What could be healthier than a pot of vegetables, broth, and some lean beef?

If you’re launching yourself into an Atkins-style diet you can even skip adding the beloved potatoes and replace them with another vegetable.

Of course, you could leave the Guinness out, but come on, you don’t want to go overboard.


Seven Scrumptious Traditional Irish Dishes

Originally, traditional Irish recipes tended to be both wholesome and simple, with just basic Irish-grown ingredients in most cases. During the 1800s, Irish cuisine consisted of hearty dishes that fed the poor. These traditional. recipes didn’t contain any exotic ingredients, only what was readily available to the cooks at the time.

Over time, Irish chefs started to modify these Irish dishes, to make them a little more exciting, while still maintaining the Irish root of each dish. Traditional Irish gourmet food has become renowned around the world for being good, wholesome, comfort food.

So get ready to have your mouth watering as we count down through some of the best dishes Ireland has to offer.

1. Beef and Guinness Stew

Beef and Guinness Stew must be one of the most well-known Irish dishes. It is a perfect dish for a cold autumn day. Packed full of goodness with Irish grown vegetables, seasonings, beef, and, of course, the pièce de résistance, the Guinness gravy. You can serve this as a stew alone packed with whole potatoes. If you’re feeling a little more adventurous and want to take it one step further, you can use it as the filling for an impressive Irish stew pie.

Learn how to make traditional Irish stews and soups with The Irish Pub Cookbook!

Beef and Guinness stew served alongside a pint of Guinness at the Thomond Bar in Cork, Ireland (© Erin Klema)

2. Bacon and Cabbage

Considered Ireland’s national dish, bacon and cabbage has a long history in Ireland. When this dish was made originally, the cabbage was always cooked in the bacon water. Only one pot could hang over the fire at a time, so when the bacon was almost cooked, the Irish cooks added the cabbage for the last half hour of cooking. The bacon water gives the cabbage a salty, unforgettable flavor, which is why many Irish people try to recreate this cooking method. If done correctly, this seemingly basic meal becomes a flavorsome masterpiece. This dish is best cooked using pork loin, especially if it still has the rind on it, as it adds to the incredible salty flavor. It is typically served with potatoes and a rich and creamy parsley sauce.

Bacon and cabbage, a dish traditionally associated with Ireland, featuring back bacon boiled with cabbage and potatoes. (© Fanfo/Adobe Stock)

3. Dublin Coddle

Coddle is predominately a Dublin dish and is referred to as Dublin Coddle. It is a hearty and nutritious food that originated as an alternative to traditional Irish stew. Recipes vary from home to home in Dublin, but the staple of every coddle remains the same: sausage, bacon (or rashers as it’s called in Ireland), lentils, onion, and potatoes. Yet every household has its own twist to this dish. Coddle is the ultimate comfort food and must be tried at least once.

Ingredients for the perfect Dublin Coddle

4. Boxty

This traditional dish is an Irish twist on potato pancakes. Boxty is mostly associated with the north midlands of Ireland in Connacht and Ulster. There are so many variations of this simple recipe, but all of them contain finely grated, raw potatoes served fried. With the modern taste buds being more diverse, some recipes have started to add spices or vegetables into the mix. However, the plain old griddled style is the original and seems to be the favorite among the Irish. Sometimes there is no beating the original.

Try this traditional Irish dish at home with the boxty recipe from Real Irish Food: 150 Classic Recipes from the Old Country!

Homemade Boxty Irish Potato Pancakes (© Brent Hofacker/Adobe Stock)

5. Irish Barmbrack

Traditionally, brack was a sweetened bread baked with sultanas and raisins to add flavor and texture to the regular bread. However, as the Irish palates grew, so did the recipe. It began to include peaches, apricots, prunes, and pumpkin pie spices. This dish has a bit of a myth to it, passed down through the Irish generations. At Halloween, brack traditionally contained various objects baked into the bread cake and was used to predict the fortune of those who found the items in their slice. This Halloween ritual has evolved slightly. The brack now only contains a ring — and the folklore is the person whose slice contains the ring will get married soon. So be careful deciding which slice you get!

Freshly baked Irish Barmbrack

6. Colcannon

This is probably as Irish as it gets. Colcannon is made from mashed potatoes and curly kale with a sprinkle of scallions, milk, butter, and seasoning. If you are feeling brave, you can add some whole grain mustard to this dish to give it a bit of a bite. As the Irish are a superstitious bunch, there is another Halloween custom attached to this dish. It is well known to serve colcannon with silver coins wrapped in tin foil to symbolize good fortune for those who find the coins in their meal.

Serve colcannon on your dinner table using the recipe in Real Irish Food: 150 Classic Recipes from the Old Country!

Homemade Irish Colcannon (© Vm2002/Adobe Stock)

7. Irish Soda Bread

In Gaelic, Irish soda bread is called Cáca Baile, which translates to cake from home. What makes Irish soda bread different from other types of soda bread around the world is the fact the buttermilk is replaced by live yogurt or even stout in the Irish recipe. The Irish recipe also uses soft wheat so the soda bread is basically made with a cake or pastry flour, which has lower levels of gluten than bread flour and gives it a somewhat sweeter flavor. This bread is best served for supper, toasted with butter alongside a large cup of tea.

Want to make soda bread at home? Try the recipe in The Complete Irish Pub Cookbook!

Fresh out of the oven soda bread

All these delightfully delectable dishes can be recreated with very little work at home. However ideally, to really get the most out of Irish cuisine it should be tasted in Ireland to experience fresh Irish produce and the cooking of Irish chefs.

The Restaurants Association of Ireland has recently revealed the number 1 place in Ireland to get some grub. So for foodie lovers out there, if you are planning a trip to Ireland, why not rent a car and travel to West Cork, winner of the 2017 “Foodie Destination” award. You won’t regret it!


12 Irish Foods to Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day That Aren’t Corned Beef and Cabbage

Every St. Patrick’s Day since I can remember, my mother has made our traditional celebratory meal of corned beef and cabbage, with a side of soda bread. And though I’m about 25 percent Irish (thanks Ancestry.com!), I’ve never been what you would call “into” this traditional meal. Still, any proper quarter Irish woman wants to celebrate her heritage on this fine Irish holiday, which is why I started researching alternative St. Paddy’s Day meals to eat that didn’t involve homemade corned beef.

The Usual Suspect Is Corned Beef Actually Irish? The history of Irish cuisine or traditional Irish food is actually quite complex—British colonialism and the Great Famine obviously had a huge impact on what is technically now considered traditional Irish fare. (Despite the fact that potatoes are what Ireland seems to be known for, they were actually brought by British settlers.) And though Irish cuisine is much more diverse than it gets credit for, much of it is categorically hearty (makes sense since clouds and rain are prevalent here—they don’t call it the Emerald Isle for nothing). The reality is however, if you walk into any Dublin pub you’ll find a varied, traditional menu that may not have the word cabbage written once. But most likely you will have a meal that is perfect for soaking up an Irish stout. Here’s how to bring some Dublin pub food into your own kitchen come St. Patrick’s Day without even cruising by the cabbage in the grocery store.


Irish Food

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When people hear about Irish food, they often automatically think about potatoes, because potatoes used to be such an important staple for the Irish. The potato blight that struck in the mid 19th century, combined with the high reliance on this vegetable as a main food source lead to the disasterous Irish potato famine from 1845-1852. While potatoes were, and still are, an integral part in Irish cuisine, you would be mistaken in thinking that there is not much variety besides the humble spud. Thanks to an increase in immigrants from other countries and the return of the Irish diaspora from around the world, you will also easily find dishes with global influences in Irish restaurants and homes alike. Let's have a look at some of the dishes you should try while in Ireland – or try to cook them in your own kitchen at home.

The Irish Stew is a great dish for a cold day, and tastes delicious if you get the spices right. Core ingredients include some sort of meat (usually lamb or mutton, but sometimes beef is used) and root vegetables such as carrots and parnsips. Of course potatoes are also a very vital ingredient, either cooked in the stew itself or mashed with butter and salt and pepper as a side dish. There are different recipes for this stew, and some Irish people can become quite passionate about which combination of ingredients is the right one. Some are very traditional, while other Irish dare to experiment. We recommend that you go for what sounds most appealing to you (while making sure you include some guinness to add richness to your dish!)

Bacon and Cabbage

You guessed right, the main ingredients in this one are bacon and cabbage, but it is more exciting than you might think. It is a very simple, but very tasty, dish. Potatoes, and sometimes turnips, are served as a side dish. The bacon can be smoked or unsmoked, with the vegetables accompanying the dish being boiled in water alongside the bacon to give them a distinctive, salty flavour. The dish is usually smothered in a delicious white sauce, similar to a French b échamel sauce, with parsley replacing nutmeg, along with a pinch of salt and white pepper. Executed well, this dish is a real Irish gem.

The dish with the funny name Boxty is a traditional Irish potato pancake that is usually served as a savoury dish, again sometimes as part of a full Irish breakfast. The main ingredients for this dish are finely grated raw potatoes (which of course are cooked while the pancake is fried), mashed leftover potatoes and flour.

Each country has its own version of a leftover dish: the kind of dish you usually cook when you have food left that you want or need to use up, but you can't really think of something. In Ireland, this dish is called Coddle, but it has a few ingredients that often are part of it, like sliced pork sausages or fatty back bacon, potatoes and onions. Barley is usually also found in the more traditional recipes. Apart from that, anything can be added: carrots, parsnips etc. Coddle is mostly connected with Dublin, even though it is also eaten in other parts of Ireland.

Soda bread – griddle bread – griddle cakes

Soda bread, is a bread that is made from plain or wholemeal flour (or a combination of both), buttermilk (which can be replaced with yoghurt or guinness), baking soda, and salt. Eggs can also be added to lighten the loaf, with treacle or molasses often being added to add a slight sweetness and depth of flavour. The soda bread is usually done in a savoury manner, but it can also be baked with sweet ingredients such as sultanas or raisins. One very interesting and tasty version is the wild garlic soda bread. All forms of this bread are best served warm form the oven, slathered with good quality Irish butter. Irish soda bread is often used to accompany an Irish fry, stews, soups or with some jam and a steaming cup of Barry's tea!

Black pudding

Black pudding has seen something of a resurgence in recent years in Ireland due to the renewed emphasis on using excellent local ingredients. The main ingredient in the black pudding is blood (usually from pork) and the next ingredient is oatmeal, but a blood-free form known as "white pudding" is also available, comprising mainly of pork meat and fat. Originally black pudding was popular with the poor in the past as it is a dish that can be made very cheaply. Today, it is still popular as part of the traditional full Irish breakfast but is also often found in savoury tarts and even on pizzas or in burgers! One of the most well-known brands of black pudding - from Clonakilty in county Cork, actually uses beef instead of pork, with its spice blend, like that of many of its counterparts, remaining a closely guarded secret.

This is a potato based dish and basically consists of mashed potatoes mixed with kale. When kale is not in season cabbage can be used. The mashed potatoes are made with potatoes, milk, butter and seasoning as desired (salt and pepper are the usual basics, but you can also experiment with it). In Ireland, this dish is usually served with some ham or bacon.

Rosemary and garlic roast lamb
The Irish also like their roasts. A nicely roasted lamb with fresh rosemary and garlic is a favourite combination, and is usually served with boiled or roasted potatoes and vegetables. This dish is often served as part of a celebratory meal on Easter Sunday, with lamb hailing from counties Kerry and Wicklow known for its high-quality and excellent flavour.


25 Classic Irish Desserts to Make Your St. Patrick's Day Celebration Extra Sweet

Forget the green food dye and make these traditional Irish desserts instead!

When it comes to celebrating St. Paddy's Day, one thing's that absolutely essential (besides the green beer, of course) is a spread full of the most festive and delicious St. Patrick's Day desserts. But instead of picking up the green food dye, why not indulge in one of these traditional Irish desserts, all infused with The Emerald Isle's best and most classic flavors?

This year, dive into some of the best Irish dessert recipes to round out your filling St. Patrick's Day meal &mdash including everything from Irish apple cake to barmbrack (a traditional Irish fruit cake) and, of course, a classic Irish soda bread. And if you're looking for something boozy, don't worry: we have desserts that involve Baileys Irish Cream and Guinness, too! No matter how you're spending St. Paddy's this year, these scrumptious bites will definitely be the highlight of your celebration &mdash especially if you're pairing them with some festive St. Patrick's Day drinks.


Watch the video: TOP 10 DER SELTENSTEN SEEDS (July 2022).


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